What is a Traditional IRA?
A Traditional IRA (Individual Retirement Account) is a personal savings plan that gives you tax advantages for setting aside money for retirement. The 2018 Traditional IRA contribution limit is $5,500 or $6,500 for those age 50 or older. Some of the investments that may be selected inside a Traditional IRA are mutual funds, annuities, stocks, bonds and CDs.
Individuals can also transfer or rollover their former employer’s sponsored retirement plans (401k, 403b, 457 or pension) into a rollover IRA. This type of account transaction is often referred to as a 401k Rollover. There is no dollar limit on the amount that can be rolled over from an employer sponsored retirement plan into a new IRA and there are several advantages of doing so.
What are the benefits of a Traditional IRA?
For many investors, contributions to a Traditional IRA are tax-deductible from federal income taxes and also tax-deductible from state income taxes in most states.
A Traditional IRA allows your assets to grow tax-deferred, meaning you won't pay taxes on the dividends and investment earnings until you withdraw the assets. Tax deferred earnings growth can have a powerful effect over time.
Who can contribute to a Traditional IRA?
Business owners, self employed, independent contractors, employees who do not have retirement plans through their employer and non-working spouses. Investors who participate in an employer sponsor retirement plan such as a 401k can also contribute to a Traditional IRA. However the contribution may not be tax deductible depending on your income.
What are the disadvantages of a Traditional IRA?
Low maximum contributions. Business owners, self employed individuals and independent contractors who would like to make greater retirement contributions may want to research a Solo 401k or a SEP IRA.
When can I withdraw assets from my Traditional IRA?
Money can be withdrawn from a Traditional IRA after age 59 ½ although you will pay regular income taxes on your distributions. If you should withdraw money prior to age 59 ½ you will incur an additional 10% penalty. For most investors saving for retirement in a Traditional IRA is advantageous. During your higher tax bracket working years you are able to get a tax deduction on your annual contributions, and earn many years of tax deferred growth on your dividends and investment earnings. Once retired and usually in a lower tax bracket you can withdraw the money as needed from your Traditional IRA.
Can I withdraw from my Traditional IRA and avoid the 10% penalty?
There are several exceptions when you could withdraw money prior to age 59 ½ rule and not incur a 10% penalty, and they are as follows:
- You have non-reimbursed medical expenses that are more than 7.5% of your adjusted gross income (but the distributions can't be more than the cost of your medical insurance)
- You are disabled.
- You are the beneficiary of a deceased IRA owner.
- You are receiving substantially equal distributions according to IRS rule 72t
- The distributions are for qualified higher educational expenses.
- The distributions are used to buy or build a first home ($10,000 maximum distribution)
When must I take distributions from my Traditional IRA?
Minimum distributions are required by the IRS according to a specific formula once you reach age 70 ½.
Note: Individuals may not be eligible to contribute to a Traditional IRA depending on an individual's income and depending on whether he or she participates in an employer sponsored retirement plan such as a 401k.